1- I have searched and found that there is division between scholars about dating the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. Although some believe that they were written before 62 AD because there is no mention of Paul’s death or destruction of Jerusalem, most scholars believe that they were written between 70 – 90 AD because he never quoted from Matthew although he quoted from Mark which means that he didn’t know the Gospel of Matthew. Also, they say that he isn’t a good Paulist (there is some difference between the book of Acts and the epistles of Paul), so they deny that the writer is a companion of Paul. Some believed that they were written after 90 AD because they say the writer quoted from the Paul’s epistles. What’s your opinion? Do we have strong evidence that the Book of Acts was really written before 62 AD?
2- What’s the Hebrew name of Jesus, Yeshua or Yahshua?
3- What about the contradiction between 2 Kings 8 : 26 and 2 Chronicles 22: 2? If it was a copyist’s mistake, how can we trust the rest of the Old Testament? There may be a lot of mistakes in the Old Testament that we don’t know!! In the Masoretic text of 2 Chronicles 22: 2, the age of Ahaiah is 42 years and in the Septuagint it is 20 years, and both of them are wrong!! If the Masoretic text and Septaugint text may have a mistake in the same verse, how can we know the true text!!
1. The division is principally between scholars who have a presupposition that there is no supernatural content in the Bible and those who believe that God is real and that he has a role in inspiring the Bible. This is an oversimplification, as a minority of conservative scholars use an after-AD 70 date, but it is close to the truth. Here is the “rub” for the anti-supernaturalists. Luke predicts in clear and obvious terms the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. Therefore, literally ALL of these people date the book beyond this year, as their presupposition simply does not allow pre-AD 70. These liberal scholars push the date back as far as humanly possible, without making themselves look foolish, in order to try to strengthen their argument. This bias virtually disqualifies them as witnesses.
Given the presupposition, arguments from anti-supernaturalists are extremely likely to be circular and should be either completely ignored, or at least taken with a very large grain of salt. Given that a small number of believers use the post-70 date, I suggest you read only the comments of these people (those on both sides of AD 70, but who have not decided the answer before even asking the question). If we did not have the post-AD 70 believers, we would probably have to at least give a hearing to the unbelievers out of fairness. I have read a number of these folks (believers, but post-70), including one just two days ago, by coincidence. I find them completely unconvincing. It is my opinion that they are bowing to the liberal scholars–being intimidated by them, but I might be wrong..
To me the fact that Mark and Matthew also predicted the destruction of Jerusalem and Mark almost for certain was written before AD 70 is reason to believe that no matter when Luke wrote, he was using legitimate material from Jesus which was a legitimate prophecy of what actually happened in any case. If so, then the main cause of the debate is removed (whether Jesus is a legitimate prophet), and we can get down to business, which is look at the data.
The argument I find compelling is what you already mentioned, which is that a simple reading of Acts (and therefore of Luke which all scholars agree was written before Acts) tells us that it was written after the imprisonment of Paul in Rome, but before his death. Most but not all scholars agree that Paul was later freed from prison, made a visit to Spain, returned to Rome, and was finally executed around AD 65 (plus or minus one year. It is almost inconceivable that if Luke wrote his account after Paul’s release (assuming that happened) and after his execution (which certainly happened) then he would have recorded it. This seems to me to be an insurmountable argument for the belief that Luke was written somewhere around AD 62 or 63. I lave looked and looked at the post-70 arguments and found them extremely weak. They involve assumptions about what theology was accepted in the church at what date, all of which is so speculative that it is practically not even an argument.
By the way, there is a lot of material in common with Matthew and Luke. Sorry, but you are wrong on that. I am not sure of your source there, but it is way wrong, I am afraid. We are not talking about a couple of verses but whole sections. Who borrowed from whom, or, possibly, who they both borrowed from, including possibly oral records is a matter of great discussion. Luke has more original material not in Matthew than Matthew has original, but not in Luke (if you count the things in common with Matthew and Mark or Luke and Mark). Here is the bottom line, no one really knows who wrote first–Luke of Matthew, but I believe the case can be made for Mark in the late 50s (perhaps early 50’s but less likely, and perhaps as late as the early 60s), and both Matthew and Luke in the early 60s, but Matthew less certain.
As for the claim that Luke disagrees with Paul, this is simply not accurate. Period. I have read many claims of this, but found that there is virtually no difference in theology or even perspective between Paul and Luke. The very slight differences in perspective are easily explained simply because they are not the same person. Luke is NOT a liar. He is an incredibly precise and careful historian who, as he claimed, put together a more orderly account than Mark (or Matthew?). What you need to do is not read what people say about Luke and Paul, but look at their examples. Also, look at those who argue the other way around. People can say whatever they want, and the ones who get attention are the ones with the more controversial view. Here is my conclusion. This is a theory which is still looking for evidence, as there is none!