Question: What do you make of the idea of protocells as a way of overcoming the problem of abiogenesis? Answer: If someone can explain how genetic information can self-assemble in these proto-cells, sure, but that is the problem.  The concept of proto-cells does not solve any of the major problems of abiogenesis.  In order for […]

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Questions: I have an atheist friend, and we debated recently about religion and the existence of God.  He made two points:  1. Just because something is complex it doesn’t mean it is designed.  He mentions evolution as an example of his point.  2. He also says he is glad that he isn’t a Christian because […]

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Questions: 1. What do you think of the idea of an infinite/eternal universe based on the theory of the doughnut shaped universe? (since it has no starting or ending point) 2. Are there evidences of biblical miracles? Answers: As a physics professor, my answer is that the dougnut-shaped universe is either EXTREMELY speculative or, more […]

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Questions: Will science be able to explain consciousness? What if this happened, how would it affect our understanding of spirit and soul?   Why did god created us using evolution ínstead of creating us ex nihilo? Answers: This is a good question, but it is also a difficult question.  It is a hard question because consciousness […]

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Question: Does our soul leave our body when our heart stops working, when our brain does, or both? Answer: Obviously, I do not know the answer. The Bible does not answer this question and neither can science answer this question.  However, we can use common sense to try to answer the question. There are plenty […]

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Questions: 1. Why would you say that space is something instead of nothing? I’m asking this because of hawking quantum model.  2. Are there mythological creatures in the Bible? Answers: Your first question is not a “Christian” question.  It is not a theological question.  I am not sure how it is related to questions about […]

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Question: I have run across arguments by atheists that say that the universe is not fine-tuned for life, but life is fine tuned to the universe and they describe this in the “puddle” analogy. Basically they say it only appears the world is fine-tuned for life, but in actuality life was able to adapt to […]

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Questions: My materialist friend says that we are just some cells that have not reached entropy yet.  How should I answer this?  Why would a loving God torture his sons in hell? Answers: On the first question, we are certainly more than mere cells.  Your friend is taking an hyper-materialist stand here which will not […]

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Questions: 1. As a Christian, do you believe, at least one ghost video is real, and if it is why does the soul stay on earth instead of going to heaven or hell?  2. Do we have evidence for Jesus’ miracles?  3. According to the standard big bang models, is God the cause? Answer: 1. […]

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Question: How do I refute the infinite past theory of the universe? Answer: The “infinite past” theory is normally called the idea of the eternal universe.  This is the belief of Eastern cosmologies such as Hinduism and Buddhism, as pantheism requires an eternal universe. This idea is refuted by science.  Before the 1940s physicists in […]

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Question: 1. How do I convince my atheist friend that evolution does not contradict God? 2. How do I convince my young earth creationist friend that evolution does not contradict Adam and Eve or Genesis? Answer: I am fairly sure I already answered this question for you earlier.  If not, then you can find a […]

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Question: Is time real and how did it start to exist?  How can we still be evolving and be in God’s image? Answer: Is time real?  I suppose that depends on how you define realness.  This is a deep, philosophical question.  However, I am going to duck the philosophical question of the definition of realness […]

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Question: I have read on your website that you are in great support of the Cosmological Argument, but I have not been able to find what your thoughts are on the Teleological Argument (That everything is fine-tuned and directs to belief in a creator). I also know this argument is favored by Intelligent Design supporters […]

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Question: We have plenty of evidence that the world didn’t start with an original couple, but Genesis says that it did. What are your thoughts on this? Answer: Actually, the evidence says that the universe started about 13.5 billion years before there were any people, and the earth began about 4.6 billion years before there […]

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Question: How would you respond to people who say that evolutive processes ( like the creation of stars and animal evolution) need no God, and therefore who reject the idea of God on that basis? Answer: I believe that the processes of star-formation and animal evolution are natural processes which proceed according to the natural […]

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Question: 1. Which do you prefer: the kaalam cosmological argument or the original cosmological argument of Thomas Aquinas? 2. How can one refute the idea of an eternal universe? Answer: That is an easy question.  The kaalam cosmological argument is definitely the superior one.  That is why it was proposed in the first place.  Here […]

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Question: 1. Why do some people say the earth was created 6000 years ago? (since the bible does not mention this at all)  2. Why do you think God loves us so much?  3. Is your website Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox, or a different type of Christianity? Answer: The reason that some Christians claim that the […]

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Question: What are some good arguments to support this statement: Evolution needs to have an intelligent creator so it can work? Answer: Normally I write out answers to all questions, but in this case I am going to do something different.  I am going to give you a list of resources you can use to […]

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Question: What are your thoughts on the theorem of an eternal universe because of the quantum world? Answer: To tell you the truth, I have never seen quantum theory used to defend belief in an eternal universe.  The steady-state theory, also known as the theory of continuous creation, was formerly defended by a minority of […]

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Question: Do you think God made the sun by himself, or do you think used physical laws as a plan so the sun could be created from the elements?  Also, should we find a scientific explanation of what we read in Genesis or we should just interpret it as something merely poetic and not literal? […]

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Question: Many say that in the age of science it’s absurd to say that Bible is reliable when it says that the Creation took 6 days to complete and God created man when evolution is proven. How do I answer them? I’m not a science student but how can we answer such questions? Answer: I […]

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Question: How would you respond to someone who says the universe is self-thinking and conscious? How would this work in terms of the universe creating itself and also fine tuning? Would that prove pantheism? Answer; As you appear to recognize, you are describing a view of the cosmos known as pantheism.  This is a theology […]

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Question: 1. What would you say to a person that claims this: Before the universe there was a quantum vaccuum that created the universe?  2. Does god know all the future events that may or may NOT happen? Answer; On the first question, if anyone says this then I assume that they do not know […]

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Question: I read recently that Elon Musk said that religion and/or spirituality, has no place in science. What are your thoughts on this? Answer: Believe it or not, I agree that Elon Musk is correct on this question.  Religion involves things like the supernatural, ultimate purpose, meaning, faith.  Science involves things that can be measured […]

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Question: Since the Bible and we as Christians think that God made nature perfect with only 2 sexes, what do you think about the following questions?  1. How do we answer and how do we act toward with hostile feminists and lgbt supporters?  2. Is interex the 3rd sex? Answer: First of all, we need […]

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Question: Does science know what happens when you die? Do we have any evidence for our soul/spirit? Answer: On the first question, it depends on what you mean. Science can answer physical questions about physical, measurable things. Science can tell us that, when we die, our bodies begin an immediate process of decay back to […]

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Question:  In your opinion which is better, theistic evolution, natural evolution or evolutionary creation? Answer: I see no measurable difference between natural evolution and evolutionary creation.  One is an essentially atheist view, while the other comes from believers, but as far as science is concerned, they cannot be distinguished.  Both propose that all living things […]

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Question: 1. If humans created clones, would it be a sin to kill one of them? Would they have a soul? 2. If we have a lot of evidence of God, and a lot of fossil evidence of evolution, why do some people say one has to be true and the other one has to […]

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Questions: I have two questions about the evolution theory and Christianity.  1. Where do Adam and Eve fit in evolution?  2. Is it okay for a Christian to think evolution is correct (because I think it is but some priests tell me that its wrong)? Thanks. Greg: There are two legitimate possible Christian views on […]

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Questions: I listened to all the 1 hour lectures you gave at a university recently. The evidence about the life of Christ, and lack of info about other claimed messiah types like Zoroaster was very helpful. I’m definitely struggling with your views on a approx 14 million yrs old earth ( I’m not sure that […]

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Question: Hello I had a question regarding an interesting theory that I heard from Dr. William Lane Craig regarding the historicity of Adam and Eve. Dr. Craig stated that he has been studying the question of the historicity of Adam and Eve for around 2 years now. He has discussed information with scientists on a […]

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Question: I have a few theological/scientific questions that I hope you will answer.  I have seen fine tuning used as evidence toward God/creation. I have heard that this might not be reliable because fine tuning will eventually be explained by other “deeper” laws that show fine tuning isn’t actually that unique and could be something […]

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Question: I would be very grateful for your advice, opinion or any information concerning the matter of the origin of hominids as modern anthropology sees it in contrast to the Biblical story. I decided to ask for your help because I have been translating your book From Shadow to Reality for Moscow Church of Christ […]

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Question: As a Theistic Evolutionist do you believe that viruses,bacteria and parasites are the result of the fall of man or are they the result of the evolutionary process? Answer: I am guessing this question is motivated at least in part by the emergence of Covid-19. There is plenty of evidence in the geological record […]

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Question: I have a question I hope you can help me with. It’s probably one you’ve answered before but I didn’t see any like it posted on your site.   With so many great scientists not believing in God it sometimes makes me doubt my faith. I read somewhere it’s 30/70 for belief/non belief for scientists. […]

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Question: What is your opinion on Dr. Hugh Ross, an OEC [editor: old earth creationist] who has written books such as ‘Matter of Days’, etc. and that of John Lennox, who has written the book ‘Seven Days that Divide the World.’?  Within Christian circle, we often say it doesn’t matter for our faith whether we […]

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Question: I have watched in a video by Kent Hovind where he gives the evidence that dinosaurs lived with humans and he has provided cultural evidences in which ancient inscription and arts portrayed dinosaur-like animals living with humans. And still some YEC teachers argue that Behemoth and Leviathan in book of Job refers dinosaurs . […]

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Question: Why do people use the first eleven chapters of Genesis for data on creation even tough it is one big poem pointing to our amazing creator? Answer: Probably the best way to get an answer to your question is to ask the people who do this. They are in a position to tell you […]

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Question: Once you allow the multiverse, is it not possible that life on earth just popped into existence kind of like Boltzmann brains? Answer: First of all, there is absolutely zero evidence for the multiverse.  This is utter speculation. This speculation only exists, in my opinion, because atheists need a fall-back argument against the FACT […]

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